Geographically it is an extension of the Sinai Desert, forming a rough triangle with its base in the north near Beersheba, the Dead Sea, and the southern Judean Mountains, and it has its apex in the southern tip of the country at Eilat.  8% of Israeli Jews are haredi; 9% are "religious", 12% "religious-traditionalists", 27% are "non-religious traditionalists", and 43% are "secular". The boundary demarcation at this time did not introduce geographical changes near the frontiers and both sides of the border were controlled by the British administration. Lake Tiberias is 165 square kilometers (64 sq mi) in size and, depending on the season and rainfall, is at about 213 meters (699 ft) below sea level. Physical Features of the Land of Israel.  Destructive earthquakes leading to serious loss of life strike about every 80 years. In Eilat, a desert city, summer daytime-temperatures are often the highest in the state, at times reaching 44 to 46 °C (111.2 to 114.8 °F). Physical Features of the Holy Land. Since 1948, US taxpayers send an average $8,000,000 PER DAY to Israel. The Mount Carmel range, which culminates in a peak 1,791 feet (546 metres) high, forms a spur reaching northwest from the highlands of the West Bank, cutting almost to the coast of Haifa. Description: The Physical Map of Israel showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, deserts, seas, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. , Inland (east) of the coastal plain lies the central highland region. The Great Rift Valley, a long fissure in Earth’s crust, begins beyond the northern frontier of Israel and forms a series of valleys running generally south, the length of the country, to the Gulf of Aqaba.  The Dead Sea is 1,020 square kilometers (394 sq mi) in size and, at 420 meters (1,378 ft) below sea level, is the lowest surface point on the earth. The highest point in territory internationally recognized as Israeli is Mount Meron at 1,208 meters (3,963 ft). Fundamental to an understanding of the land of Israel is the feature of four longitudinal zones that define the land. The principal drainage system comprises Lake Tiberias and the Jordan River. Other rivers in Israel are the Yarqon, which empties into the Mediterranean near Tel Aviv; the Qishon, which runs through the western part of the Plain of Esdraelon to drain into the Mediterranean at Haifa; and a small section of the Yarmūk, a tributary of the Jordan that flows west along the Syria-Jordan border. Caves in the region have been used for thousands of years as shelter, storage rooms, barns and as places of public gatherings. There are two distinct seasons: a cool, rainy winter (October–April) and a dry, hot summer (May–September). , Prior to the establishment of the British Mandate for Palestine, there was no clear-cut definition of the geographical and territorial limits of the area known as "Palestine." , Israel lies to the north of the equator around 31°30' north latitude and 34°45' east longitude. The borders between Jordan, Syria, Egypt, Israel and Lebanon are all geometric boundaries. From AC/DC to Bruce Springsteen, test your knowledge of the origins of various musicians and groups in this quiz. It includes country boundaries, major cities, major mountains in shaded relief, ocean depth in blue color gradient, along with many other features. Israel has a small coastline on the Red Sea in the south. Along the coast, sea breezes have a moderating influence in … YEHOVAH's true Church is made up of people from physical Israel ONLY -- those predominantly of "fair skin" and "Caucasian in physique and appearance." Despite continuing tensions, however, Israel concluded peace treaties with several neighbouring Arab states during the final quarter of the 20th century. It is the largest natural gas reserve ever discovered in Israel. Southern Israel is dominated by the Negev desert, covering some 16,000 square kilometres (6,178 sq mi), more than half of the country's total land area. Political and social repercussions of the war, The Declaration of Principles and Cairo Agreement, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Israel, Official Site of the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Israel - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Israel - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In rare occasions, snow gets to the northern mountain peaks and only in extremely rare occasions even to the coast. Running the length of the country from north to south along its eastern border is the northern terminus of the Great Rift Valley. It lies at the junction of three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa. Most of the country’s remaining streams are ephemeral and flow seasonally as wadis.  Some argue that Jerusalem, Israel's largest city with a population of 763,600, and Nazareth, should also be classified as metropolitan areas. Some think that this refers to the Church. 2010 was the hottest year in the history of Israel with absolute record high in several places in August.  In the north of this region lie the mountains and hills of Upper Galilee and Lower Galilee, which are generally 500 meters (1,640 ft) to 700 meters (2,297 ft) in height, although they reach a maximum height of 1,208 meters (3,963 ft) at Mount Meron. Physical Features of the Middle East. Jerusalem (Old City) Jerusalem is Israel's official capital city and is sacred to three major religions: … Several springs have formed along the Dead Sea, each an oasis, most notably the oases at Ein Gedi and Ein Bokek (Neve Zohar) where settlements have developed. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Israel Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. Israel has both types of borders, geometric and physical boundaries. The Central Mountains Plateau. This area is Israel's most densely populated.  Israel also has a number of areas of karst topography. Location and Geography. Israel is divided into four physiographic regions: the Mediterranean coastal plain, the Central Hills, the Jordan Rift Valley and the Negev Desert.  In terms of religion, 76% are Jewish, 16% Muslim, 2% Christian, 2% Druze, and 4% are unclassified by choice. When most people think of ancient Israel, they think of a hot, dry desert where people lived in tents. , The Negev Desert comprises approximately 12,000 square kilometers (4,633 sq mi), more than half of Israel's total land area. , Modern Israel is bounded to the north by Lebanon, the northeast by Syria, the east by Jordan and the West Bank, and to the southwest by Egypt. These include copper, phosphates, bromide, potash, clay, sand, sulfur, asphalt, and manganese. Columns of salt rising from the extremely saline waters of the Dead Sea. East of the coastal plain lies the central highland region. The Coastal Plain. Along the coast, sea breezes have a moderating influence in summer, and the Mediterranean beaches are popular. An Empire in the Holy Land: Historical Geography of the British Administration in Palestine, 1917–1929, Gideon Biger, St. Martin's Press and Magnes Press, 1994, pp.46–52. Israel's area is approximately 20,770 km2 (8,019 sq mi), which includes 445 km2 (172 sq mi) of inland water. Israel physical features Israel is divided into four regions: the coastal plain, the central hills, the Jordan Rift Valley, and the Negev Desert. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Israel is on the eastern Mediterranean, bordered by Lebanon and Syria to the north, the Palestine National Authority (West Bank) and Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the south. , Israel currently has no offshore islands within its territorial waters. Gaza, a small coastal strip between Israel and Egypt, is claimed by the Palestine National Authority, but under de facto rule by the militant group Hamas. Natural hazards facing the country include sandstorms which sometimes occur during spring in the desert south, droughts which are usually concentrated in summer months, flash floods which create great danger in the deserts due to their lack of notice, and regular earthquakes, most of which are small, although there is a constant risk due to Israel's location along the Jordan Rift Valley. The southernmost settlement in Israel is the city of Eilat whilst the northernmost is the town of Metula. The sparsely populated Negev comprises the southern half of Israel. Differences in land elevations relative to the sea level are represented by color. And what do they do with the money?  Other small, but notable groups in Israel, include Circassians of whom there are approximately 3,000 living mostly in two northern villages, 2,500 Lebanese, and 5,000 Armenians predominantly in Jerusalem.. In the north of the country, the mountains of Galilee constitute the highest part of Israel, reaching an elevation of 3,963 feet (1,208 metres) at Mount Meron (Arabic: Jebel Jarmaq). Coastal Plain, from Philistia to Phoenicia. YEHOVAH's true Church is made up of people from physical Israel ONLY -- those predominantly of "fair skin" and "Caucasian in physique and appearance." It is a fertile region, and off the coast there are many small islands. 1. Running the length of the country from north to south along its eastern border … The Great Desert ... Israel in the First Century. It has a land frontier of 1,017 km (632 mi) and a coastline of 273 km (170 mi). This game is part of a tournament.  The Dead Sea is 67 kilometers (42 mi) long with a maximum width of 16 kilometers (10 mi) and also makes up part of the Rift Valley. The bed of the lake forms part of the Jordan Rift Valley. , The far northern coastline of the country has some chalk landscapes best seen at Rosh HaNikra, a chalk cliff into which a series of grottoes have been eroded.. This online quiz is called Israel Physical Features . Yad Vashem in Jerusalem is a memorial to Jewish victims of the Holocaust. , South of the Kinneret lies the saltwater Dead Sea which forms the border between Israel and Jordan and is 418 meters (1,371 ft) below sea level, making it the lowest water surface on Earth. Standards SS7G5 The student will locate selected features in Southwestern Asia (Middle East). Israel Geography – Regions Coastal Plain region- stretches from the Lebanese border in the north to Gaza (Aza in Hebrew) to the south, runs parallel to the Mediterranean Sea and is composed of a sandy shoreline, bordered by stretches of fertile farmland extending up to 40 km. The narrow and discontinuous coastal plain along the Mediterranean Sea features both sandy bays and rocky beaches. The four regions of Palestine Geography are Jordan valley and Ghawr, coastal and inner plains, Mountain and Hills and Southern Desert. Israel - Physical geography . Despite its small size, about 290 miles (470 km) north-to-south and 85 miles (135 km) east-to-west at its widest point, Israel has four geographic regions—the Mediterranean coastal plain, the hill regions of northern and central Israel, the Great Rift Valley, and the Negev—and a wide range of unique physical features and microclimates.  In Israel the Rift Valley is dominated by the Jordan River, the Sea of Galilee (an important freshwater source also known as Lake Tiberias and Lake Kinneret), and the Dead Sea. Israel Map - Physical Map of Israel.  It is ranked 153 on the List of countries and outlying territories by total area. In total, Israel has 74 cities, 14 of which have populations of over 100,000. But seriously, it depends on what you mean by “common.” Widespread, or shared by almost everybody? The areas of the country most cultivated are those receiving more than 300 millimeters (11.8 in) of rainfall annually, making approximately one-third of the country cultivable. The State of Israel is the only Jewish nation in the modern period, and the region that now falls within its borders has a lengthy and rich history that dates from prebiblical times. It includes country boundaries, major cities, major mountains in shaded relief, ocean depth in blue color gradient, along with many other features. This map shows a combination of political and physical features. Palestine Geography consists of four regions in the country. The deficit in slip that has built up since the 1033 event is sufficient to cause an earthquake of Mw ~7.4. , Geographically, the region is divided into five sub-regions. Israel is in the Middle East on the Mediterranean Sea, bordering Egypt, the Gaza Strip, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank. The inland area of central Israel is dominated by the Judean Hills of the West Bank, whilst the central and northern coastline consists of the flat and fertile Israeli coastal plain. Although the object of dispute during the Crusades, the region, then generally known as Palestine, remained under the sway of successive Islamic dynasties until the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, when it was placed under British mandate from the League of Nations.  A peninsula juts out into the lake from the eastern shore, south of which the lake is shallow, less than 6 meters (19.7 ft) deep. The Central Mountains Plateau. The coastal plain is covered mainly by alluvial soils. Assumes CIA World Factbook number excludes Israeli settlers but includes estimated 225k Palestinians living in East Jerusalem", "Gaza Strip population. Ancient Israel began in an area known as Canaan, which became modern day Israel, Jordan and Lebanon.  The climate is as such due to Israel's location between the subtropical aridity of the Sahara and the Arabian deserts, and the subtropical humidity of the Levant and Eastern Mediterranean. Israel has a chronic water shortage, and its hydraulic resources are fully utilized: about three-fourths for irrigation and the remainder for industrial and household water use. , East of the central highlands lies the Jordan Rift Valley, which is a small part of the 6,500 kilometers (4,039 mi)-long Syrian-East African Rift. Author of. Other forms of local government in Israel are local councils of which there are 144 governing small municipalities generally over 2,000 in population, and regional councils of which there are 53, governing a group of small communities over a relatively large geographical area. This online quiz is called Israel Physical Features. The Court found that Israel must immediately cease the construction of the Wall and repeal or render ineffective all measures taken which unlawfully restrict or impede the exercise of the rights of the inhabitants of the West Bank; furthermore, Israel was found to be under an obligation to make reparation for all damage caused. 2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues:  The northern tributaries to the Jordan are the Dan, Banias, and Hasbani.  South of the Galilee, in the West Bank, are the Samarian Hills with numerous small, fertile valleys rarely reaching the height of 800 meters (2,625 ft). Israel has a small coastline on the Red Sea in the south. The southern Negev is mainly sandstone rock with veins of granite. , Israel's longest and most famous river is the 320-kilometre (199 mi) long River Jordan, which rises on the southern slopes of Mount Hermon in the Anti-Lebanon mountains.  Furthermore, the effects of the use of chemical fertilizers, and pesticides are issues facing the country. , The Israeli Coastal Plain stretches from the Lebanese border in the north to Gaza in the south, interrupted only by Cape Carmel at Haifa Bay. , As of 2013, the population of Israel is 8 million, 6,015,000 of them Jewish. Desertification is also a risk possible on the desert fringe, whilst air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions and groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste are also issues facing the country. It is bounded to the north by Lebanon, to the northeast by Syria, to the east and southeast by Jordan, to the southwest by Egypt, and to the west by the Mediterranean Sea. The Jordan Rift Valley is the result of tectonic movements within the Dead Sea Transform (DSF) fault system. However, ancient Israel had a much more temperate environment and evolved into a settled nation over time.  The climate conditions are highly variable within the state and modified locally by altitude, latitude, and the proximity to the Mediterranean. Even before the mandate, the desire for a Jewish homeland prompted a small number of Jews to immigrate to Palestine, a migration that grew dramatically during the second quarter of the 20th century with the increased persecution of Jews worldwide and subsequent Holocaust perpetrated by Nazi Germany. South of this, running to Nahal Shikma, is the Central Coastal Plain, also known as the Western Negev. Its total area is 8,019 square miles (20,770 square kilometers), slightly smaller than New Jersey. , Unique to the Negev region are the craterlike makhteshim cirques; Makhtesh Ramon, Makhtesh Gadol and Makhtesh Katan. 400 years on average. Israel fought a series of wars against neighbouring Arab states during the next 35 years, which have resulted in ongoing disputes over territory and the status of refugees. Height : 1208 m (Har Meron) Map of Israel. Unlike much of the Middle East which is rich in lucrative crude oil, Israel has limited natural resources. Inland, the northern region contains the Mount Carmel mountain range, which is followed inland by the fertile Jezreel Valley, and then the hilly Galilee region. Zoom Map. The Great Sea. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Four Longitudinal Zones. " The Sykes-Picot Treaty in 1916 divided the region that later became Palestine into four political units.  Along the Mount Carmel range is Hof HaCarmel, or the Carmel Coastal Plain. Rugged terrain, running from Judea though Samaria and into upper Galilee.  Over time, the degree of cooperation in these settlements has decreased and in several of them the cooperative structure has been dismantled altogether. 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