7th Bohag/Vaisakha) to trick the Chutias which ultimately led to their defeat.. People gather around the Meji and throw Pithas (rice cakes) and betel nuts to it while burning it at the same time. The performers were called by the Ahom king Rudra Singha in 1694 to dance in the royal arena Rang Ghar. The first Bihu, called Bohag Bihu or Rangoli Bihu, is celebrated in April in Chaitra or Baisakh. In a year Assamese celebrate three different kinds of Bihu festival that is Bohaag Bihu in the middle of April month, Maagh Bihu in the middle of January month and Kaati Bihu in the middle of October month. There is also the exchange of sweets and greetings at this time. During the two days of the festival, people of a particular Chuk-Chuburi or khel or the village gather to have a feast together. The other branches of Bodo-Kacharis which include Boros, Dimasas, Rabhas, Tiwas, etc. It welcomes you to a kaleidescope of festivals, where its people come together in a colorful melange, reflecting the true spirit, tradition and values of its unique culture and heritage. Bihu is the most important festival in Assam which connects people of all religions, creed, gender or cast without any discrimination. Bihu festival 2018: All about Bihu, the most important festival of Assam that celebrates new beginnings. Assamese people celebrate it every year with great love and enthusiasm. It is the harvest festival of Assam which marks the transformation of the season. RatanpurotKhul bai kot? These groups were known as Sadiyal Kacharis were associated with the Kingdom of Sadiya. These facts prove that Bihu didn't receive much attention from the Ahom kings and remained a festival of the native people back then. Bihu is a unique traditional dance that portrays the spirit and culture of the region. Bihu or Bohag Bihu is the biggest festival of the people of Assam. Bihu is the most prominent festival celebrated by the people of Assam. It’s celebrate in mainly Assam and Arunachal Pradesh State in India. , The Tai-Shans/Tai-Ahoms (as called by the natives) upon their arrival in Assam found the natives (Tibeto-Burmans) celebrating a festival of cow-worship spraying fresh water. Assam experience strong gale (wind) at that period which marks the beginning of Bihu and another strong gale after her departure which is devastating. All Rights Reserved. This means that on the pious occasion of Bihu, a Brahmin named Dvija Ravidev was granted land by the king. It is the cheerful festival of Assam that is celebrated by the locals irrespective of caste, creed and beliefs. The Bihus are the national festivals of Assam. All the trees in the compound are tied to bamboo strips or paddy stems. 1. Me-dam-me-phi, Ali-aye-ligang, Porag, Garja, Hapsa Hatarnai, Kherai are few among them. The first day of the bihu is called goru bihu or cow bihu, where the cows are washed and worshipped, which falls on the last day of the previous year, usually on 14 April. The wooden Khol played in Ratanpur in early times (similar to the Mayamora Khul, Manipuri Pung) was later turned into the terracotta Mridanga (similar to the ones played in eastern India) by the Vaishnavite saint Sankardev so that it could be used in art forms like dances and dramas. The word bihu is derived from the language of “ dimasa kacharis ”, which is the agricultural community of Assam, since ages. The word Bihu has been derived from the Deori (a Boro-Garo language) word Bisu which means "excessive joy". It is celebrated with joy and abundance by all Assamese people irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith and belief. The women make pitha, larus (traditional food made of rice, coconut) various drinks by local tribes such as Chuje by Deoris/Chutias, Nam-Lao by Tai-Ahom, Aapong by Mising tribe and Jolpan which gives the real essence of the season. Bihu is also seen to be celebrated abroad. On this day, earthen lamps (saki) are lit at the foot of the household tulsi plant, the granary, the garden (bari) and the paddy fields.  It is also celebrated overseas by the Assamese diaspora community living worldwide. Ratanpurot.”. The entire night (called Uruka) is spent around a Meji with people singing bihu songs, beating Dhol, a typical kind of drums or playing games. , In local folklore, it is said that Bordoisila (meaning north-westerly winds in Assamese) was the daughter of God Earth who married to a bridegroom of some distant land. and during this time, it was a month long celebration that was celebrated once a year; however, today, Bihu is celebrated thrice a year for a week. The Bhogali Bihu or the Magh Bihu is a harvest festival, with community feasts. असम के बिहू त्यौहार पर निबंध Essay on Bihu Festival in Hindi बिहू (Bihu) 2020 का त्यौहार भारत के असम (Assam) राज्य का प्रमुख फसल कटाई पर Kindly go through it. There is even a dance with the same name performed among Boro people during Baisagu which further proves that Bihu has origins in the Bodo-Kachari group. The three types of Bihu dance festival are Bohag Bihu, Kongali Bihu and Bhogali Bihu. Most of the festivals celebrated in Assam have their roots in the diverse faith and belief of the inhabitants, but a spirit of accommodation and togetherness characterizes the celebration of all festivals. In other communities, the temple has been replaced by the Namghar. Fundamentally, there are three Bihus celebrated by the Assamese Community. Also the state of Assam is reckoned for the Bihu festival that depicts a set of three different cultural festivals of the state. It is a set of three celebrations performed throughout the year. An important Assamese festival to ensure strong growth and healthy crops that begins at the start of the month of Kati. Owing to this single most important fact, the New Year as per the Assamese calendar coincides with the beginning of the harvest season, which is also known as Bohag Bihu.Read more. This is the festival dedicated to agriculture. However, in the below, I have explained one by one, on each of the three. Kongali Bihu (mid-October, also called Kati-Bihu) has a different flavor as there is less merriment and the atmosphere has a sense of constraining and solemnity. , "However, the festival to which utmost social importance is assigned by the people is, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Culture of Assam - Government Of Assam, India", "Busu Dima festival begins in Dima Hasao", "Bihu: A celebration of Assamese culture | Sankalp India Foundation", Encyclopedia of New Year's Holidays Worldwide, Rongali Bihu-the spring festival of Assam, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bihu&oldid=991909388, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 13:27. The Kongali Bihu or the Kati Bihu is the sombre, thrifty one reflecting a season of short supplies and is an animistic festival. , Bhogali Bihu (mid-January, also called Magh Bihu) comes from the word Bhog that is eating and enjoyment. The period from the first week of Chaitra till the end was known as Raati Bihu or Chotor Bihu. Bihu dance is quite an energetic form of dance that involves rapid hand and feet movement. Bihu is one of the most important festivals of Assam. Rongali Bihu marks the first day of Hindu Solar Calendar. This is the main festival of Assam followed by Kati Bihu or Kangali Bihu, celebrated in the month of Kartik (October), after which Maghbihu is observed, on Makar Sankranti, 14 January. For others, the new year falls on Ugadi and Gudi Padwa, which falls about two weeks before Bohag Bihu. Bihu Festival is a set of three unique cultural festivals of Assam that is celebrated by the Assamese around the world. Read more in Times of India Travel During the evening, cattle are fed specially made rice items called pitha. Bihu Festival Essay-3. Read about Kati Bihu in Assam in 2021. The origin of Bihu can be traced to the admix of the cultures of Austro-Asiatic, Tibeto-Burman and Indo-Aryan peoples. The word Bordoisila is actually derived from the Bodo word Bordaisikhla which means "girl of storm" (Sikhla meaning girl and Bardai meaning storm). Bohag Bihu (বহাগ বিহু)(mid-April, also called Rongali Bihu), the most popular Bihu celebrates the onset of the Assamese New Year (around 14–15 April) and the coming of Spring. The occupation of the people here is agriculture and the entire society is agrarian in nature. The inscription was found in Ghilamara region of Lakhimpur district in the year 1935 and it was issued in the year 1401 A.D. Rongali or the Bohag (spring) Bihu is Assam’s most colourful festival. In this rite, a boat was first prepared out of banana stem and decorated with flowers and offerings. The temple dancers Deodhani danced the entire night and were believed to be possessed by the goddess Kechai-khati (kolimoti), signaling that she had descended upon earth from heaven (Bihu nomai ona). Bohag Bihu is a sowing festival, Kati Bihu is associated with crop protection and worship of plants and crops and is an animistic form of the festival, while Bhogali Bihu is a harvest festival. Bihu is the Assamese national festival. Thus, Bohag Bihu is the New Year festival of the Indigenous Assamese people. Celebrated by 65 different tribes of Assam, this festival of spring is held thrice a year. This is followed by manuh (human) bihu on 15 April, the New Year Day. Bihu is the name for the National Festival of Assam which is one of the most beautiful states of India which is reckoned for tea gardens, mighty Brahmaputra River and Lush green forests. For some, such as those in and near Gujarat, the new year festivities coincide with the five day Diwali festival. During this period, young people danced at night in the grounds of the Than (temple). Different types of sports like Buffalo-fight, Egg-fight, Cock-fight, Nightingale-fight etc. Bihu is a carnival that is celebrated in Assam thrice a year with fervor and enthusiasm, which marks the change of season. They offer their prayers to the god of Fire and mark the end of the harvesting year. The Indo-Aryans upon their arrival in Assam helped in gradually sanskritisation of the native Bihu/Bisu to bring it to the present form. Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu festival continues for seven days and called as Xaat Bihu. The Boros call it Baisagu, while the Dimasas, Tiwa and Rabha call it Bushu or Bushu Dima, Pisu, Dumsi respectively. There are other conventional festivals observed by various ethnic-cultural groups. The day after Uruka,i.e. Bihu is said to be Assam's national festivals and are considered as a very improtant festival of Assam. BIHU Bihu is the main and traditional festival of Assam, in north east India. The Bhogali Bihu or the Magh Bihu is a harvest festival, with community feasts. Curiosity: Bihu Festival of Assam, Bihu Dance At Rang Ghar. Thus, the Bisu was later corrupted with Poin-hu to form what is today known as Bihu.. are held throughout the day. This older form of Bihu continue among the Chutias, Sonowal Kacharis, Thengal-Kacharis, Morans, and Deoris and Motoks. Bihu is the name for the National Festival of Assam which is one of the most beautiful states of India which is reckoned for tea gardens, mighty Brahmaputra River and Lush green forests. Bordoisila visits her mother’s home once in year during spring time which indicates the beginning of Bihu and leaves after a few days which indicates the end of Bihu. Bihu is the biggest festival celebrated in Assam. Bihu Festival - The Famous Festival of Assam Source. The seven days are known as Chot Bihu, Goru Bihu, Manuh Bihu, Kutum Bihu, Senehi Bihu, Mela Bihu and Chera Bihu. During the night, they prepare food and there is community feasting everywhere. The word bihu is derived from the language of “dimasa kacharis”, which is the agricultural community of Assam, since ages. It is a festival that transcends all religious and class barriers bringing people together in a free and uninhabited manner. The Satsari Buranji states that in the first floor of the Rangghar the places of the kings were pre-defined. Some hang brass, copper or silver pots on poles in front of their house, while children wear flower garlands then greet the new year as they pass through the rural streets.. Ratanpur was known to be the cultural capital of Chutia kingdom established by the king Ratnadhwajpal which further indicates the popularity of Bihu and the Dhul among the people of that period. 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Diasporas have of late started to celebrate the joy of harvest change of Sadiyal!
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