The turbine consists of the turbine wheel (1) and the turbine housing (2). So that is why the inverter generators … More easily seen from this view, the armature rotates within the generator, with each end moving opposite the other. This point can not be emphasized enough as carbon monoxide poisoning remains one of the most common causes for death in post hurricane affected areas because people tend to not even think about it until it’s too late. The generator’s engine is lubricated by oil stored in a pump. IMMEDIATE AVAILABILITY! When wind flows across the blade, the air pressure on one side of the blade decreases. In a turbine generator, a moving fluid—water, steam, combustion gases, or air—pushes a series of blades mounted on a rotor shaft. OHV engines have several advantages over other engines such as: • Compact design (a) Cooling System We respect your privacy & you may unsubscribe at any time. (4) On either side of the armature, on the casing of the generator, we have two polar field magnets that create a magnetic field inside the space within the generator. It is essential to check the coolant levels of the generator on a daily basis. Continuous usage of the generator causes its various components to get heated up. You should also check for any leakages of lubricant and change the lubricating oil every 500 hours of generator operation. Most OHV-engines are equipped with CIS but it is essential to check for this feature in the engine of a generator. The st e art function of a generator is battery-operated. The latter represents the magnetic field source while the former contains the conductor where the … • Durability (b) Exhaust System (c) Cast Iron Sleeve (CIS) in Engine Cylinder – The CIS is a lining in the cylinder of the engine. Note: in this particular case, we get electric energy produced from two different directions (as one coil is spinning up, the other is rotating downward) so the electrical output comes as an alternating current. The main job of the rotor is to absorb the mechanical energy outside the generator, and use it to create rotational motion. Alternating current (AC) has a sinusoidal shape and changes its direction and amplitude alternately. Follow the links to apply your knowledge of how a turbine generator works using each of these forces: Wind Energy, Solar Energy, Hydro Energy, Steam Energy. In this article and the video below, you are going to learn what a Gas Turbine is and how it works in a very easy-to-follow format. All such installations are subject to the approval of the City Planning Division. • Low noise during operations Faraday discovered that the above flow of electric charges could be induced by moving an electrical conductor, such as a wire that contains electric charges, in a magnetic field. By providing your email you consent to receiving occasional promotional emails & newsletters. As a result, tidal power is very clean and helps to conserve natural resources. But in 1913, Tesla received a patent for what he described as his most important invention. (b) Overhead Valve (OHV) Engines versus non-OHV Engines – OHV engines differ from other engines in that the intake and exhaust valves of the engine are located in the head of the engine’s cylinder as opposed to being mounted on the engine block. The following article provides further details regarding the generator control panel. Lubricating System Once the generator reaches full operating capacity, the voltage regulator attains a state of equilibrium and produces just enough DC current to maintain the generator’s output at full operating level. Generators - As the turbine blades turn, so do a series of magnets inside the generator. (2) The turbine shaft will begin to rotate with the rotor, causing all of the inner workings of the machine to rotate as well. All generators, portable or stationary, have customized housings that provide a structural base support. In the figure below we see a graphical representation of an an alternating current, where the electrical charge travels back and forth repeatedly between and positive and negative charge: The information above is a brief overview of how a generator works. The answer to that is a definite, “It depends.” No doubt, … As the rotor, shaft, and armature rotate, they move within the electric field created by the magnets. The battery charger keeps the generator battery charged by supplying it with a precise ‘float’ voltage. Generators are available in different electrical and physical configurations for use in different applications. Smaller engines usually operate on gasoline while larger engines run on diesel, liquid propane, propane gas, or natural gas. The main components of an electric generator can be broadly classified as follows: The engine is the source of the input mechanical energy to the generator. This law states that a wire conductor that creates movement through a magnetic field creates an electric current, and that the strength of the current is equal to the rate of change through the magnetic field. The battery charger keeps the generator battery charged by supplying it with a precise ‘float’ voltage. The prime mover can be a steam turbine, a gas turbine, a wind turbine, or a hydro turbine. In the case of small generator units, the fuel tank is a part of the generator’s skid base or is mounted on top of the generator frame. Raw/fresh water is sometimes used as a coolant for generators, but these are mostly limited to specific situations like small generators in city applications or very large units over 2250 kW and above. Therefore most of nuclear power plants operates a single-shaft turbine-generator that consists of one multi-stage HP turbine and three parallel multi-stage LP turbines, a main generator and an exciter.HP Turbine is usually double-flow reaction turbine with about 10 stages with shrouded blades and produces about 30-40% of the gross power output of the power plant unit. (b) Rotor / Armature – This is the moving component that produces a rotating magnetic field in any one of the following three ways: (i) By induction – These are known as brushless alternators and are usually used in large generators. 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