It was last observed in 1954 and may have disappeared due to a combination of factors, namely habitat degradation, the decline of pollinating insects and advent of invasive species such as possums. It could grow over eight centimetres in length, and was seen for the last time in 1967. If you really … Its extinction was made official in 2016. This bird, which used to live on several islands in the Seychelles, probably went extinct around 1888 due to the negative consequences of the introduction of invasive species into its habitat. Invasive plant and fish species compromised its food sources, while agriculture and soil erosion caused by deforestation altered the quality of the water in which it lived. This aquatic bird used to populate the waters of Lake Alaotra in Madagascar. The brown bear is a strong and potentially dangerous animal if you were to encounter it with a hot cross bun in hand; fortunately they tend not to be found in urban areas. The reason isn’t clear, although the impact of anthropic activities on the island is likely to have irreparably altered its habitat. This species was recently described thanks to remains found by scientists. This shrub inhabited forest margins on New Zealand’s North Island. It lived in the Lesser Antilles and was part of the diet of indigenous inhabitants. This bird once lived in French Polynesia and is known only thanks to an 18th century painting. Its decline has been linked to the arrival of invasive fish species and urban development in the Bay Area. We go back to the 10th millennium BC to reach 2018 AD. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2016. Its disappearance was made official by the IUCN in 2016. Naturalists classified these four species of freshwater snail found in various springs in Tunisia in the 19th century. 5 out of 5 stars (144) 144 reviews $ 3.99. Once a species becomes extinct, it is gone forever. This small fish of the Cyprinodontidae family was native to the Santa Cruz River in the US state of Arizona. Declared extinct in 2010, this mollusc lived in a single thermal spring in the Algerian region of Annaba. It was declared extinct by the IUCN in 2010. At one time this lizard was common in the lush forests of Christmas Island, south of Indonesia, in the Indian Ocean. The last confirmed sighting happened in 1982 and the IUCN declared it extinct in 2010. It was described for the first time in 1863 but it suffered a rapid decline due to the introduction of goats and rats. The mastodons have been extinct for 11,000 years. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2014. Another citrus species that inhabited the mountain forests of Kaua’i. The last known specimen was a female named Gump, who died in captivity in 2014. Up to 1968 it was a quite common species but afterwards its numbers saw a steep decline as non-native species, such as cats, rats and mulga snakes, were introduced. Photo credit: Momotarou2012. It’s believed that the destruction of its habitat over the past two centuries led to its extinction, which was officialised by the IUCN in 2018. Until 1989 the population of this freshwater crayfish was stable, but water use by local farmers drained the only pond it inhabited, leading to its extinction, which was made official by the IUCN in 2010. The species was only described in 2015, based on a specimen collected in 1926, but it hasn’t been observed since. This warbler belonged to the same family, Acrocephalidae, as the two birds above. This led to the species being declared extinct in 2019. Or at least this was thought to be the case until a few months ago: in 2019, researchers found three specimens on a rocky outcrop of the island using drones. It was observed for the last time in 1908 and disappeared with the destruction of its ecosystem. The list includes introduced species only in cases where they were able to form self-sustaining colonies for a time. Tristramella sacra (Long jaw tristramella). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_extinct_and_endangered_species_of_Italy This is not only the rarest, but the strangest parrot in the world. Around 100 birds still exist in captivity. 10 Recently Extinct Fish The Blue Walleye, a recently extinct animal. Scientists believe it may have suffered the introduction of non-native species such as the yellow crazy ant (Anoplolepis gracilipes), oriental wolf snake (Lycodon capucinus), cats and rats. The giant Pinta Island tortoise was a sub-species of the Galapagos tortoise. Labidura herculeana from St Helena, Type specimen. Alectroenas payandeei (Rodrigues blue-pigeon). It was native to Oahu island in the Hawaiian archipelago, and it was seen for the last time in 1894. This is a list of extinct and endangered species of Italy. Scientists are aware of the former existence of this large rodent thanks to specimens collected by naturalists in the 1800s. Pseudamnicola barratei, Pseudamnicola desertorum, Pseudamnicola doumeti, Pseudamnicola globulina, Pseudamnicola latasteana, Pseudamnicola oudrefica, Pseudamnicola ragia, Pseudamnicola singularis. This mussel, which used to be common in the Nile delta, hasn’t been observed since the beginning of the 20th century. Pesticides and agricultural wastewater probably caused its extinction, declared by the IUCN in 2016. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2016, even though it isn’t clear whether it was actually a species in its own right or rather a variation of another similar species of lizard. This large ground beetle was native to the high-altitude forests on Pico Island, in the Azores archipelago. It hasn’t been observed for fifty years and was declared extinct in 2010. The species hasn’t been observed in the wild since 1995 and was declared extinct by the IUCN in 2016. This crustacean belonging to the Astacidae family lived only in waterways around San Francisco Bay, in the US. (*=Only for Italy/Italian seas)ymbols*EX=Extinct *CR=Critically Endangered *EN=Endangered *VU=Vulnerable *NT=Near Threatened *LC=Least Concern *DD=Data Deficent *NA/NE=Not… The IUCN declared the species extinct in 2014. This plant used to grow near the coastline of the Azov Sea, in Ukraine. Many believe that CRISPR could be the key to finally bringing extinct species of animals back to life. This mollusc found in New Caledonia was seen for the last time in 1928. Dodo. This insect was native to a small forest on the island of Santa Maria, in the Azores. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2014. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2017. Animal and plant species declared extinct between 2010 and 2019, the full list, climactic and chemical balance of the oceans, International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), The first mammal has become extinct due to climate change, The strange ritual migration of 50 million red crabs on Christmas Island. Melanoplus spretus (Rocky mountain locust). Like other species native to the island, this invertebrate probably went extinct following the arrival of invasive plants brought by humans. The species hasn’t been observed since and was declared extinct by the IUCN in 2016. Generally, a species can be declared extinct with certainty only after decades without it being sighted. In 2015, a team of scientists claimed to have found a population living in a pond in the Chihuahua desert, which is also at risk of drying up. Since then, the species has never been found again and the IUCN declared it extinct in 2014. A species of millipede native to Mahé, in Seychelles. This shrub with bright yellow flowers used to grow on the Hawaiian island of Kaua’i, one of the last survivors of a disappearing genus. These two shrubs of the Delissea genus grew in Hawaiian lowland forests, and their extinction – officialised by the IUCN in 2015 and 2016 respectively – was caused by invasive plants and animals introduced by humans. This weird looking flightless bird drove became one of the extinct animal species thanks to … This flower of the Boraginaceae family inhabited an island in New Zealand. Only one specimen of this orchid was ever found, in the 19th century, on the island state of São Tomé e Principe. Much like the greater ‘akialoa, the Lana’i ‘akialoa probably went extinct at the end of the 1800s due to the introduction of illnesses and destruction of the forests that gave it shelter and sustenance. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2010. The species is said to have gone extinct in the 19th century and the IUCN added it to its list in 2016. Its extinction, which the IUCN declared in 2012, was probably caused by the large-scale extraction of copper in the region. A large portion of its habitat was lost due to deforestation and climate change. Beavers return to Italy nearly 500 years after being driven to extinction Signs of the beaver's presence were first noticed by a hunting guide in … This bird, part of the sandpiper family (Scolopacidae) lived in New Zealand and didn’t survive the introduction of invasive mammals, such as the black rat. This freshwater gastropod lived in a single spring in the US state of Utah. Due to heavy water use for agriculture, the lake dried up for over twenty days in 1981. This species of fish belonging to the Cichlidae family lived in the Sea of Galilee, in Israel. This fish of the Cypriniformes order lived at the bottom of Lake Malawi in central Africa, where it was last observed in 1932. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2013. The last sighting dates back to 1983 and the species was declared extinct by the IUCN in 2016. Compsognathus: a genus of small, bipedal carnivore. It probably went extinct after humans introduced mice to the island, and its disappearance became official in 2016. However, according to genetic analysis the skulls were likely to belong to a different species of wild boar. Human activities are, notoriously, the triggering factor behind this phenomenon. Sadly, the animals have not been seen in the wild since 2006 and are believed to be functionally extinct in their native habitat. List of extinct animals of Caucasus; List of extinct animals of the British Isles. It was declared extinct by the IUCN in 2010. These are mostly little-known – perhaps not so charismatic – beings, such as many invertebrates, and most of them have been gone for a long time. Its extinction was probably linked to climate change having led to an increase in drought episodes on the island. The Catarina pupfish was a small fish native to a spring in the Mexican region of Nuevo León. During the decade that just ended (2010-2019), the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) declared the extinction of 160 species. Pseudophoxinus handlirschi (Egirdir minnow). This species of snail was observed only in a limited part of Malaysia. Often it is brandished as an accessory, sometimes it is used as a gateway, others still it is considered merely a credential. Naturalists have only recently been able to describe this species of parrot thanks to the fossilised bones that were found in the Tonga archipelago. In China, scientists have used CRISPR to create genetically modified low-fat pigs . The growing use of insecticides, such as Fipronil, may also have contributed to its decline. The IUCN declared this warbler extinct in 2016. The most recent case of an animal going extinct was the West African Black Rhinoceros in 2006. They are most closely related to ducks, geese, and swans. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2017. It was observed for the last time in 1908 and the IUCN declared it extinct in 2014. Most extinctions occurred in prehistoric times. Image 2. This giant acarid lived in the tropical forests of Mahé island, in Seychelles. Seychelles have extended its marine protected area, which now covers over 400,000 square kilometres, an area larger than Germany. Velociraptor: a small middle size bipedal carnivore. No specimen of this small gastropod, which used to inhabit three islands in the Aegean Sea, has been observed since 1935. 25. It’s believed to have gone extinct around the 1980s probably because of the introduction of rats and avian flu. Biodiversity in Italy Italy has a rich biodiversity due to its distinctive geographic, climatic and historical characteristics. Irish Elk (5,200 B.C.) Dam construction, the destruction of many wetlands and growing pollution levels are believed to have caused its extinction, officialised by the IUCN in 2011. A tiny worm, from a tiny lake, from a tiny country near the bottom of the … Brachiosaurus: the largest herbivore ever. A scientist found a single specimen of this earthworm over 150 years ago on Mount Wellington, near Auckland, in New Zealand. Goats, pigs and invasive plants caused its extinction in the wild. The tapir was reintroduced into Brazil’s Atlantic Forest, the country’s most at-risk ecosystem. The last specimen we’re aware of was known as Lonesome George; he was believed to be over a hundred years old when he died in 2012. The species was declared extinct in 2016. Pterodactyl: a flying carnivore. Not much is known about this spider who lived on the island of Mahé, in Seychelles. A moss belonging to the Brachytheciaceae family, this species was once found at the margins of laurel forests in the northeastern part of Madeira, in Portugal. This fish was only ever found in a single river in the US state of Ohio, the Big Darby Creek. It is known only thanks to documents dating back to the 19th century. It likely went extinct because of invasive species, as officialised by the IUCN in 2019. It hasn’t been observed since the beginning of the last century and the IUCN declared it extinct in 2012. In 2010 the IUCN declared these eight species of water snails extinct. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2011. Leiolopisma ceciliae (Réunion giant skink). The IUCN declared them extinct in 2010. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2013. This aquatic snail lived only in the Coosa River in the US state of Alabama. The IUCN declared the species extinct in 2016. The alpine marmot is found at heights between 800-3200 m in the Apennines in Italy. This bird lived on the Hawaiian island of Laysan and naturalists observed it for the last time in 1923. In ancient Italy, there was once a giant goose called the Garganornis ballmanni—and if you’ve ever been chased by a modern goose, ... Read more surprising stories about extinct animals on 10 Extinct Animals With Surprising Attributes and Top 10 Extinct Animals That … Critics fear animal extinction:Trump overhauls Endangered Species Act “However, our results confirm that there is a growing wave of extinctions sweeping … Of all the extinct animals, the Javan tiger is probably the most likely to still be around. To us, environmental and human sustainability represent an authentic lifestyle that defines our way of being in the world; an attitude centred around conscientiousness and concrete actions. Its habitat was razed to the ground for agricultural purposes, causing its extinction, which was made official by the IUCN in 2014. These animals used to live in Australian forests and disappeared around 1850. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2018. The small marsupial belonged to the Potorous genus. We are on the side of those who decide to live with passion and purpose, acting to make the world a better place. This passerine bird was once found in wetlands on the Northern Mariana Islands. It’s likely to have disappeared following the arrival of European colonisers and the non-native mammals they brought, such as rats and mongooses. The reasons behind their disappearance aren’t clear. A freshwater mollusc native to Italy, its presence had been recorded at a few locations between Lake Garda and Lake Idro but it hasn’t been observed since 1850. This small tree grew on the steep slopes of Pic Macaya, the second-highest peak in Haiti. One of Africa’s last and largest “tuskers”, Tim the elephant, died from natural causes after roaming Amboseli National Park for five decades and surviving multiple life-threatening attacks. Remains of this waterfowl dating back to the 17th century were discovered by scientists on certain islands in New Zealand. T-Rex: a massive bipedal carnivore. The Spix's macaw, made famous by the movie "Rio," were declared extinct in the wild 2018. This small bush grew only in the wooded parts of Rarotonga, one of the Cook Islands, in the South Pacific. The forests of New Zealand were once home to a large duck that was almost incapable of flying, a fact that scientists established thanks to fossils found on the island. It was added to the IUCN’s extinct species list in 2017. Like the species above, this ground beetle also lived in the mountain forests of the Azores, on the island of Santa Maria in particular. The animal’s habitat, limited to a surface area of under five hectares and an elevation of less than three metres, suffered from increasingly frequent storms, which gradually destroyed the native vegetation on which the melomys depended. Its disappearance was probably linked to deforestation and the introduction of invasive species like rats and mongooses, which also led to the proliferation of diseases. The list of species that have gone extinct, directly or indirectly, because of Homo sapiens is immense, and requires constant updating. Under normal conditions, the “rate of speciation, meaning the birth of new species, is higher than the rate of extinction,” writes science journalist Pietro Greco, and one to ten species disappear each year. It’s believed to have gone extinct in the 17th century following the arrival of European colonists, who felled the trees it lived in and introduced non-native species.